Peat (peloid) contains organic components including humin acids, bitumens, proteins, amino acids, resins and waxes, partially decayed vegetation and non-organic matter.
In mud baths a crucial factor is their high temperature, which causes hyperthermia of the tissues. It stimulates blood circulation and speeds up pulse and breathing. The skin becomes red, blood pressure temporarily decreases, metabolisms accelerates and peat components fight inflammation. Peloid also improves absorption of exudates that appear in different disease conditions. It is analgesic, improves blood supply and decreases muscle tone.